Asthma Management

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Pharmacological Agents Used in Asthma Management

Agents acting on Beta Adrenergic Receptors
  • albuterol (Ventolin,Proventil)
  • bitolterol (Tomalate)
  • ephedrine
  • epinephrine
  • pirbuterol (Maxair)
  • terbutaline (Brethine)
  • ethylnorepinephrine
  • isoetherine (Bronkosol)
  • isoproterenol (Isuprel)
  • metaproterenol (Alupent)
  • salmeterol (Serevent)


Anticholinergic Agent

  • ipratropium bromide (Atrovent)

Mast  Cell Stabilizers

  • cromolyn sodium (Intal)
  • nedocromil (Tilade)


Aerosol corticosteroids

  • beclomethasone (Banceril)
  • dexamethasone (Decadron)
  • flunisolide (AeroBid)
  • fluticasone (Flovent)
  • triamcinolone acetonide (Azmacort)

Oral corticosteroids

  • methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol)
  • prednisone (Deltasone)




  • aminophylline
  • oxtriphylline
  • theophylline
  • theo-dur
  • slo-phyllin


Cromolyn (Intal)& Nedocromil (Tilade)


Methylxanthines -- (theophylline: some utility in asthma treatment; theobromine;caffeine: major sources (tea, cocoa, coffee)


Sympathomimetic Drugs


Muscarinic Antagonists

ipratropium bromide (Atrovent)




Compare impratropium structure to that of atropine: 





Leukotriene Pathway Inhibitors



Zafirlukast (Accolate)



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